The Metalogicon: A Twelfth-Century Defense Of The Verbal And Logical Arts Of The Trivium

The Metalogicon: A Twelfth-Century Defense Of The Verbal And Logical Arts Of The Trivium Download The+Metalogicon%3A+A+Twelfth-Century+Defense+Of+The+Verbal+And+Logical+Arts+Of+The+Trivium

The Metalogicon: A Twelfth-Century Defense of the Verbal and Logical Arts of the Trivium

Written in 1159 and addressed to Thomas Becket, John of Salisbury's The Metalogicon presents—and defends—a thorough study of the liberal arts of grammar, logic, and rhetoric. The very name "Metalogicon," a coinage by the author, brings together the Greek meta (on behalf of) and logicon (logic or logical studies). Thus, in naming his text, he also explained it. With this lucid treatise on education, John of Salisbury urges a thorough grounding in the arts of words (oral and written) and reasoning, as these topics are addressed in grammar and logic.

The Metalogicon (Contents in brief)

Prologue — Occasion, Purpose, and General Nature of the Work

Book I — The Trivium and Grammar

Book II — Logic Proper: General Observations

Book III — Logic: Contents (Porphyry and Aristotle)

Book IV — Logic: Contents and Truth

The study of grammar in John of Salisbury's time included familiarization with the ancient Latin classics, and involved not only a reading of them but also an analysis and imitation of their style. It thus anticipated the humanism of the Renaissance. The study of logic, as it was then pursued, comprised learning and putting into practice the principles of...

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